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Neat Article About Mycorrhizae

June 5th, 2012

Neat Article About Mycorrhizae

What are Mycorrhizae?

Mycorrhiza (singular), a term that means “fungus root,” describes the mutually beneficial, symbiotic relationship between fungi and plant roots. Symbiosis begins when fungal spores germinate and emerging threadlike structures, called ‘hypha’ (plural hyphae), enter the surface of plant roots. The plant root system and fungal hyphae combine to form a greatly enhanced absorptive surface area. The result is improved nutrient acquisition and uptake, particularly elemental phosphorus (P), zinc (Zn), manganese (Mn) and copper (Cu) and water. In return, the plant provides carbohydrates to the fungi. This root-fungus association mutually benefits the host plant and fungi. There are more than 150 defined species of mycorrhizal fungi found around the world in all types of soils and climates.

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